Ford Sierra

1982-1993 of release

Repair and car operation



Ford Siyerra
- 1.2. Car identification
   1.3. Car lifting
   1.4. Towage
   1.5. Combination of devices
   1.6. Cowl
   1.7. Engine start
   1.8. Lighting and alarm system
   1.9. Replacement of bulbs
   1.10. Ventilation and salon heating
   1.11. Doors
   1.12. The hatch and a luggage carrier on a roof
   1.13. Seats and head restraints
   1.14. Mirrors
   1.15. Control bulb of a pristegivaniye of seat belts
   1.16. Wheel replacement
+ 2. Maintenance
+ 3. General data
+ 4. Engines
+ 5. Coupling
+ 6. Transmissions
+ 7. Driveshaft and back bridge
+ 8. Steering
+ 9. Suspension brackets
+ 10. Brake system
+ 11. Body
+ 12. Electric equipment





1.8. Lighting and alarm system

GENERAL INFORMATION

Headlights

Installation of light of headlights

N – the adjustment screw in the horizontal plane,

V–the adjustment screw in the vertical plane

Installation of light of headlights it is necessary to check each 10 000 km of run of the car.

Switch of external lighting

Positions of levers of switches of external lighting (IT), and also screen wipers (EG) and washer (LG) of a windscreen

 
Positions of the lever of the switch
external lighting:
0–lighting is switched off,
1–are included forward and back
marker lights,
2–the driving or passing beam, and also marker lights is included
LG – is included a windscreen washer
Positions of the lever of the switch of a screen wiper and windscreen washer:
0–the screen wiper is switched off,
N–screen wiper work with normal speed,
R–the accelerated work of a screen wiper,
I–faltering work of a screen wiper

Multipurpose switch

Positions of the lever of the multipurpose switch

FR – is included a driving beam,
FC – is included a passing beam,
AL – is included a light signal,
CD – is switched on the right index of turn,
CG – is included the left index of turn,
AS – is included a sound signal

The lever of the multipurpose switch is located under a steering wheel on the left side and consists of the switch of indexes of turn and the switch of a type of light of headlights, and in some versions of equipment has also the button of a sound signal.

Moving of the lever of the multipurpose switch (see fig. Positions of the lever of the multipurpose switch) parallel to a steering wheel are caused by inclusion of indexes of turn:

 – left (CG);
 – right (CD).

Indexes of turn are switched off automatically during returnable turn of a steering wheel to the provision of movement directly forward.

Inclusion of indexes of turn is accompanied by inclusion of a green control bulb with the same frequency from the relevant party of an instrument guard. In case of a peregoraniye of one of bulbs the corresponding control bulb blinks with considerably bigger frequency, than turn indexes.

When the lever of switching of external lighting is in situation 2 (see fig. Positions of levers of switches of external lighting (IT), and also screen wipers (EG) and washer (LG) of a windscreen):

 – pushing away of the lever of the multipurpose switch from a steering wheel (FR, see fig. Positions of the lever of the multipurpose switch) are caused by inclusion of a driving beam; on an instrument guard the control bulb of inclusion of headlights of a driving beam lights up;
 – moving of the lever of the multipurpose switch to a steering wheel (to FC, see fig. Positions of the lever of the multipurpose switch) are caused by inclusion of a passing beam;
 – moving of the lever of the multipurpose switch against the stop in the direction of a steering wheel (AL, see fig. Positions of the lever of the multipurpose switch) are caused by inclusion of a driving beam; after an otpuskaniye the lever of the multipurpose switch comes back to the provision of inclusion of a passing beam.

Back antifog lamps

Back antifog lamps join the switch, located on the left side of the forward panel over a lateral nozzle of system of ventilation. They burn only at the included headlights of a passing beam. The control bulb of inclusion of back antifog lamps is located about their switch, lights up at inclusion of headlights of a passing beam and becomes brighter at inclusion of back antifog lamps.

Sound signal

Inclusion buttons

1–switch of back antifog lamps,

2–switch of heating of back glass

Depending on equipment the button of a sound signal is located in the middle of a steering wheel or on the multipurpose switch.

Switch of emergency fires

The button of the switch of the emergency fires, containing a control bulb of inclusion, is located in the top part of a steering column. After its pressing all bulbs of indexes of turns burn.

Switch of a screen wiper and windscreen washer

The lever of the switch of a screen wiper and windscreen washer (EG, see fig. Positions of levers of switches of external lighting (IT), and also screen wipers (EG) and a washer (LG) of a windscreen) it is located on the right side under a steering wheel. The screen wiper and a washer of a windscreen can be included, if the key is in position II of the lock of ignition. Positions of the lever of the switch of a screen wiper and a washer of a windscreen can be the following:

 – About – the screen wiper is switched off;
 – N–screen wiper work with normal speed;
 – R–the accelerated work of a screen wiper;
 – I (in some versions of equipment) – single movement of brushes of a screen wiper or faltering work of brushes, can be with an adjustable interval of frequency of work of brushes, under a tachometer is the handle of adjustment of a programmator of faltering work of brushes of a screen wiper of a windscreen;
 – LG – the button at an end face of the lever allows to include a windscreen washer; if the car is equipped with washers of headlights, they function at the same time with a windscreen washer provided that headlights of a passing or driving beam are included.

Switch of a screen wiper and washer of back glass

The switch of a screen wiper and washer of back glass is located on the right side over the left nozzle of system of ventilation.

Switch installation includes a screen wiper of back glass in the first situation, and when keeping switch in the second situation the washer (after effort removal it comes back to the first situation) joins.

Tanks of washers of glasses

Tank of washers of glasses and headlights

The tank of washers of glasses (and headlights in some versions) is on the right side in a forward part of a motor compartment.

The manufacturer recommends application of special structure for washers of the Motorcraft glasses, mixed with water in a proportion corresponding to a time of year.

If the car is equipped with a screen wiper and a washer of back glass, on the left side of a luggage carrier under a covering the tank of a washer of back glass which it is necessary to fill with the same structure, as a tank of a washer of a windscreen is located.


Prevention

Some versions are equipped with a control bulb under average nozzles of system of ventilation which lights up when liquid level in a tank of a washer of a windscreen will appear lower than the minimum.


Adjustment of intensity of illumination of an instrument guard

The handle adjustment is located on the left side of the forward panel under a nozzle of system of ventilation and allows to regulate intensity of illumination of an instrument guard according to surrounding conditions.

Bulbs of illumination of salon

The forward bulb of illumination of salon is located between antisolar peaks, and a back bulb of illumination of salon – over back glass. Switches have three situation:

 – inclusion of illumination of salon when opening forward doors;
 – switching off of illumination of salon;
 – continuous inclusion of illumination of salon.

Bulb of internal illumination of concentrated light

Some versions are equipped with a lamp directing a narrow beam of light on forward passenger sitting. The direction of a bunch of this concentrated light can be regulated in a small range.

Tachometer

Is present at some versions of equipment of the car.

Electric clock

Hours with the strelochny dial, the systems of ventilation located under average nozzles, are established by pressing and rotation of their handle.
Some versions are equipped in addition for hours with a digital board which informings except usual function about the current time can carry out a role of an alarm clock, timer, and also to measure a period (for example, time in a way).

Module of graphic information

Display of the module of graphic information

and – doors are leaky closed,

b–danger of ice,

with – peregorany bulbs or a safety lock of a headlight or a marker light,

d–peregorany bulbs or safety lock of the alarm system of braking

The module of graphic information established in some versions of cars, is intended for visual control of serviceability of the separate elements connected with traffic safety. On the display of this module located on the left side of hours, schematic drawing of the car with the top view (see fig. is represented. Display of the module of graphic information).

Fire of separate bulbs signals:

 – doors are leaky closed (and);
 – at existing ambient temperature formation of ice (b) is possible – the yellow bulb designates temperature +4 ° With, the red bulb designates temperature not above 0 ° With;
 – peregorany bulbs of a headlight, lobbies either back marker lights or peregoraniye of the corresponding safety lock (c);
 – peregorany bulbs of the alarm system of braking or corresponding safety lock (d).

After ignition inclusion all control bulbs burn within 5 seconds. It allows to check, whether one of them fused.

Ekonometr

In some versions of equipment of cars possibility of the current control of fuel consumption in the course of movement and the prevention in case the expense exceeds norms of economic movement is provided. On an instrument guard two control bulbs are located:

 – yellow which lights up when fuel consumption exceeds minimum possible under these traffic conditions a little;
 – red which lights up when fuel consumption considerably exceeds the minimum.

Multipurpose digital watch

Multipurpose hours

1–the indicator of work of hours (blinks),
2–counting of time (blinks),
3–indicator of work of an alarm clock,
4–buzzer,
5–time installation on strelochny hours

Hours include:

 – strelochny hours;
 – a digital board for the indication of work of hours and a chronometer, and also for an alarm system choice;
 – five light-emitting diodes name the chosen function – date, a signal, a chronometer, the timer and hours;
 – the programmed sound alarm system;
 – three buttons provide various operations of a choice, installation of time, programming and other functions.

The choice of five main functions is made one after another by consecutive pressing of the button 1 (see fig. Multipurpose hours). A full cycle to press the button of 6 times. At first the board induces hours and minutes, then, on the following impulse, minutes and seconds. The button 1 is used also for installation, shutdown and switching off of sounding of a signal of an alarm clock.

The button 2 is used for management of a chronometer and consistently gives team for a stop of indications of a board for fixation of intermediate time (the accounting of real time proceeds), or again to be switched to real time.

In function of the clock or a calendar the button 2 quickly looks through indications for installation of hour or day.

As past tense it can subtract stop time from the general time.

The button 3 also as well as the button 2 serves for browsing of indications with its help but on small speed.

As a chronometer this button stops or establishes a chronometer on a zero.

As the timer the button 3 consistently establishes on a zero of a board and then starts time counter.

Pressing the button 2, it is possible to exclude time of stops (during an engine stop, contact is absent). It gives the chance to calculate rather simply average speed at the distant trips interrupted by many and long stops.