1982-1993 of release
Repair and car operation
+ 1.2. Car identification
+ 2. Maintenance
+ 3. General data
+ 4. Engines
+ 5. Coupling
+ 6. Transmissions
+ 7. Driveshaft and back bridge
+ 8. Steering
+ 9. Suspension brackets
+ 10. Brake system
- 11. Body
11.1. Care of a body
+ 11.2. Body elements
+ 12. Electric equipment
In the majority of settlements it is forbidden to wash the car on open sites, except specially adapted places where removal of dirty water is carried out.
– whenever possible urgently to wash up the dirty car;
– before a wash of the car to soak insects and to remove from a body surface;
– plentifully to use water;
– to use a soft sponge or very soft brush with water supply in a brush;
– it is impossible to wash varnish coverings with a stream of a strong pressure, to pour from a hose and dirt to wash away from top to down a plentiful quantity of water;
– often to rinse a sponge;
– to wipe pure rags;
– to apply only good fat-free detergents. It is good to rinse with pure water for complete removal of detergents;
– for the purpose of protection in water for a sink it is possible to add washing preservatives;
– at regular use of detergents preservatives are necessary for using more often;
– it is forbidden to wash and dry the car on the sun. Otherwise on a varnish surface there are spots;
– salt with which strew roads, has harmful effects on a car body therefore it is necessary more often and to wash the car carefully.
After a wash of the car because of humidity efficiency of action of brakes decreases. It is recommended to dry brake disks in short-term pressing brakes a start of motion.
CARE OF THE VARNISH COVERING
Purely washed up and dried-up varnish covering is necessary for processing every 3 month preserving means to protect a car surface from atmospheric influences by creation of a besporisty water-repellent wax layer.
The flowed-out fuel, oil or greasing, and also brake liquid at once to remove, color of a varnish covering differently will change.
Processing of a surface is necessary for repeating, if water does not gather to drops, and spreads on a surface. Regular processing by preserving means promotes long preservation of shine of a varnish covering.
There is also other possibility of protection of varnish coverings – by means of washing preservatives. However washing preservatives provide reliable protection of varnish coverings only in case are used at each wash of the car and not less than in 2–3 weeks.
After use of washing (foam) means additional processing of a surface by preservatives especially is recommended.
Preservation cannot be made on the open sun.
Polishing of a varnish surface is necessary only in case it faded owing to insufficient leaving, influence of the dust, harmful gases, weather conditions, and preserving means cannot restore its shine.
It is not necessary to apply rough polishing pastes and chemically active polishing means, despite previously good results.
Before polishing the car is necessary for washing up and carefully to dry up. Further to adhere to the instruction on use of polishing means.
Polishing to make small sites in order to avoid premature drying of polish. After surface processing by some polishing means it is necessary to make additional preservation. It is forbidden to polish on the open sun. Opaque varnish surfaces cannot be processed preserving and polishing means.
Removal of spots of pitch
Pitch quickly диффундирует in varnish coverings and to remove it completely already it is impossible. It is possible to remove fresh spots of pitch with the soft rag moistened in flushing gasoline. In case of emergency it is possible to use usual gasoline, kerosene or turpentine. Pitch spots well are removed by means of varnish preservatives. In this case the wash of the car is not required.
Removal of insects
Insects contain substances which can damage a varnish film if them quickly not to remove. Insects can be washed away only weak slightly warm soap or washing solution or by means of special means for removal of insects.
Removal of construction solutions. Splashes of construction materials are washed away by slightly warm solution of neutral detergents. Strongly not to rub, differently it is possible to scratch a varnish covering. Then carefully to rinse with pure water.
Care of details from artificial materials
Plastic details, sitting from an imitation leather, a headlight, and also the details painted in opaque by black color, it is possible to wash with water with addition of special detergents. It is not recommended to wet. Plastic details can be processed if necessary special cleaners. Not to use at all nitrosolvent or gasoline.
Sink of glasses
Glasses to wipe pure soft to rags from the internal and outer side. At strong pollution it is possible to use alcohol or liquid ammonia and warm water, and also special means for purification of glasses. At a windscreen sink screen wipers to lift up.
When using silikonosoderzhashchy means for cleaning of varnish coverings it is impossible to wipe them glasses. At dispersion of silikonosoderzhashchy aerosols of glass it is necessary to close a cardboard or other materials.
Care of rubber consolidations
Condensing or sliding surfaces periodically to strew with talc or to spray silicone аэрозолью. It will keep their elasticity and will exclude a scratch when closing doors. To eliminate unpleasant sounds it is possible, having wiped adjoining surfaces liquid soap.
Disks of wheels
Before a wash of the engine the generator and a tank with brake liquid to close a polyethylene film. Though bearings of the generator are tight, however there is a danger of a vyshchelachivaniye their zhirorastvoryayushchy additives when processing. Noise in bearings or their failure can be a consequence of it. During car operation for short time there can be a smell from combustion of preserving wax on the details working with big thermal loading. After wax drawing all hinges to wipe and grease with MOS paste.
CARE OF THE UPHOLSTERY OF SEATS
Coverings from a fabric
Soft seats to clean the vacuum cleaner or a rigid brush. Strongly polluted sitting to clear dry foam. Fat and oil spots to process pure бензиномили spot remover. The cleaner cannot be poured directly on a fabric. The spot is deduced by its wipe on a contour from spot edge to the center. It is possible to remove other pollution, using slightly warm soap water.
At long parking right in the sun sitting and head restraints it is necessary to cover from burning out. Rags from jersey and wool slightly to wet and wipe leather surfaces so that not to wet skin and seams. Then the dried surface to wipe soft rags. It is possible to remove strong pollution by means of the refined detergents without lighters (2 tablespoons on 1 l of water). Fat and oil spots are removed easy dabs by means of pure gasoline.
Washed up leather sitting it is necessary to process antistatic. Before the use взболтать and to put with a thin layer by means of soft rags. After drying to rub with a pure and soft fabric. It is recommended to make such processing each 6 months.