Ford Sierra

1982-1993 of release

Repair and car operation



Ford Siyerra
- 1.2. Car identification
   1.3. Car lifting
   1.4. Towage
   1.5. Combination of devices
   1.6. Cowl
   1.7. Engine start
   1.8. Lighting and alarm system
   1.9. Replacement of bulbs
   1.10. Ventilation and salon heating
   1.11. Doors
   1.12. The hatch and a luggage carrier on a roof
   1.13. Seats and head restraints
   1.14. Mirrors
   1.15. Control bulb of a pristegivaniye of seat belts
   1.16. Wheel replacement
+ 2. Maintenance
+ 3. General data
+ 4. Engines
+ 5. Coupling
+ 6. Transmissions
+ 7. Driveshaft and back bridge
+ 8. Steering
+ 9. Suspension brackets
+ 10. Brake system
+ 11. Body
+ 12. Electric equipment





1.7. Engine start

GENERAL INFORMATION

The ignition switch with blocking of a steering wheel

The switch of ignition is connected to blocking of a steering wheel. Is on the right side of a steering column.

The key in the switch of ignition can occupy four designated situation:

About – ignition is switched off, the steering wheel is blocked; for unblocking of a steering wheel it is necessary to insert a key and to turn it clockwise, slightly turning a wheel to the right and to the left for simplification of an exit of a blocking stopper;

I–ignition is switched off, the steering wheel is unblocked; in this situation it is possible to include an automobile radio receiver;

II – ignition is included, all electric chains запитаны; in case of car towage it is necessary to establish a key in this situation (it is impossible to leave for a long time a key in this situation at the idle engine as it can lead to failure of the coil of ignition);

III – the starter is included; key turn in this situation demands overcoming of resistance of a returnable spring. The key does not remain in this situation. After weakening of rotary effort itself comes back to situation "II" (the starter is switched off).


Prevention

The mechanism of the switch of ignition does not give possibility to include a starter at the working engine (it threatens with damage of a starter and a gear wreath on an engine flywheel). For inclusion of a starter it is necessary to turn at first a key in situation "I" (and consequently to switch off ignition and the engine if it worked) and again to turn a key in situation "III".


Start of the cold engine

For check of a thermal condition of the engine it is necessary to turn the ignition key in situation "I" and about 30 seconds later to look at the index of temperature of cooling liquid. If his shooter remained in extreme left situation, the engine cold and it should be started how it is described below. If the engine warm, it is necessary to follow the instructions provided below.

During engine start the hand brake should be tightened, and the lever of gear shifting should be in neutral situation.

In cars with a mechanical transmission before inclusion of a starter it is necessary to press a coupling pedal against the stop and to keep it in this situation.

THE ENGINES EQUIPPED WITH THE CARBURETTOR WITH CHANGEABLE SECTION OF DIFFUZOR

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. Not to press an accelerator pedal. The Ford carburetor (Motorcraft) with changeable section of a diffuzor has the automatic device of start and is arranged under engine temperature.
2. To include a starter. If the engine is not started within 10 seconds, to turn a key in situation "I", to wait some seconds and again to include a starter.

Prevention

During start of the engine it is not necessary to press an accelerator pedal.


3. If the engine still is not started, to wait for about 10 more seconds and then to arrive according to the instructions provided below.
4. After engine start at once to weaken effort to a key, which itself will return to situation "II".

THE ENGINES EQUIPPED WITH OTHER TYPES OF CARBURETTORS WITH THE AUTOMATIC STARTING ARRANGEMENT

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. For start of the automatic starting arrangement of the carburetor it is necessary to squeeze out slowly two times completely an accelerator pedal (against the stop) and freely to release it.
2. To include a starter (a key in situation "III". If the engine is not started within 10 seconds, it is necessary to turn a key in situation "I", to wait some seconds and once again to include a starter.

Prevention

During start of a starter it is not necessary to press an accelerator pedal.


3. After three unsuccessful attempts of start of the engine it is necessary to wait for about 10 seconds and to arrive according to the instructions provided below.
4. After engine start at once to weaken effort to a key, which itself will return to situation "II".
5. If the started engine decays, it is necessary to repeat actions on engine start, at first having slowly pressed and having released an accelerator pedal.

THE ENGINES EQUIPPED WITH OTHER TYPES OF CARBURETTORS WITH THE STARTING ARRANGEMENT, OPERATED MANUALLY

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. To extend against the stop the lever of the starting arrangement of the carburetor. Once slowly to press and release an accelerator pedal (not to press it late in the course of engine start).
2. To include a starter (a key in situation "III". If the engine is not started within 10 seconds, it is necessary to turn a key in situation "I", to wait some seconds and once again to include a starter.

Prevention

During start of a starter it is not necessary to press an accelerator pedal.


3. If after the second attempt the engine is not started, it is necessary to wait for about 10 seconds and to arrive according to the instructions provided below.
4. After engine start at once to weaken effort to a key, which itself will return to situation "II". In process of engine warming up gradually to move the lever of the starting arrangement of the carburetor, providing uniform operation of the engine. Start of the warm petrol engine.
5. To press an accelerator pedal to a half of its course and to hold her in this situation.
6. To include a starter. After engine start at once to weaken efforts to a key and to an accelerator pedal.
7. If the engine is not started after three attempts, most likely it is filled in with fuel (in its cylinders there is a mix which has been too enriched with fuel).

Start of the warm petrol engine

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. To press an accelerator pedal to a half of its course and to hold her in this situation.
2. To include a starter. After engine start at once to weaken efforts to a key and to an accelerator pedal
3. If the engine is not started after three attempts, most likely it is filled in with fuel (in its cylinders there is a mix which has been too enriched with fuel). It is necessary to arrive according to the instructions provided below.

Start of the petrol engine which has been filled in with fuel

PERFORMANCE ORDER
Slowly to press an accelerator pedal against the stop, to hold her in this situation and to include a starter. After start of the engine it is necessary to weaken slowly effort to an accelerator pedal in process of increase in number of turns of the engine.

Start of the diesel engine

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. To turn the ignition key in situation "II". The control bulb of inclusion of glow plugs lights up.
2. To wait, the control bulb of inclusion of glow plugs will not go out yet.
3. To press against the stop an accelerator pedal.

Prevention

At low ambient temperatures for simplification of start before inclusion of a starter it is necessary to press a coupling pedal to disconnect the transmission containing thickened oil.


4. To include a starter.
5. If the engine is not started within about 20 seconds, it is necessary to turn a key in situation "I", to wait a little and to repeat engine start.

Prevention

In case of impossibility of start of the engine because of lack of fuel, after tank filling with fuel it is necessary to remove air from fuel system (see subsection 2.8).


Engine start by means of the additional accumulator

Connection of the additional accumulator for engine start

1-4-order of connection of wires.

If the accumulator of the car is discharged, it is possible to start the engine, having connected other, charged accumulator.

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. To connect the plug (+) the additional accumulator (In) to the plug (+) the car accumulator by means of a special starting wire (the corresponding section).
2. To connect plugs (-) both accumulators the second starting wire.

Prevention

At first it is necessary to connect wires to the additional accumulator in order to avoid an iskreniye in case of a casual touch the wire plug to mass of the car.


3. It is not necessary to disconnect the additional accumulator at once after engine start when it works at the raised turns of idling. It is necessary to wait, while the engine will not heat up and will not start to work at normal turns of idling.