Ford Sierra

1982-1993 of release

Repair and car operation



Ford Siyerra
+ 1.2. Car identification
- 2. Maintenance
   2.1. Engine
   2.2. Adjustment of gaps of valves
   2.3. Check and replacement of oil and oil filter
   2.4. Cooling liquid
   2.5. Radiator fan
   2.6. Fuel tank and jellied mouth
   + 2.7. Petrol engine
   2.8. Fuel system of diesel engines
   2.9. Coupling
   2.10. Mechanical transmission
   2.11. Automatic transmission
   2.12. Check of a condition of covers of hinges of driving semi-axes
   2.13. Check of tightness of covers and condition of spherical hinges
   2.14. Check of a driving belt of the pump of the hydraulic booster
   2.15. Check of level of brake liquid
   2.16. Check of thickness of brake shoes
   2.17. Lever of the hand brake
   2.18. Electric equipment
   2.19. Tires
   2.20. Operational liquids
+ 3. General data
+ 4. Engines
+ 5. Coupling
+ 6. Transmissions
+ 7. Driveshaft and back bridge
+ 8. Steering
+ 9. Suspension brackets
+ 10. Brake system
+ 11. Body
+ 12. Electric equipment


Фото с выставок электрика в киеве.



2.3. Check and replacement of oil and oil filter

GENERAL INFORMATION

Check of level of oil in petrol engines

Oil level in the engine is recommended to check at least once a week.

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. To put the car on a horizontal surface and to wait at least some minutes after engine switching off while oil will not flow down in the oil pallet.
2. To take and wipe the index (J) of level of oil.
3. To insert the index against the stop into an opening in the block of cylinders of the engine, once again to take and read level of oil which should be between the signs "min" and "max" on the index. The oil volume between minimum and maximum levels makes 1 dm3.
4. In case of need it is necessary to fill amount of oil (oil for the engine of the same classes of quality and viscosity), without exceeding a maximum level.

Control bulb of a minimum level of oil

In some versions of equipment of the car on the forward panel (under average nozzles of system of ventilation) the control bulb which lights up if level of oil comes nearer to the minimum is located. This bulb lights up after at least three minutes from the moment of a stop of the engine and ignition inclusion.


Prevention

Indications of level of oil, both the index, and a control bulb, are not true, if the car is located on an inclined surface.


In the cars equipped with a control bulb of a minimum level of oil, it is necessary to take and insert carefully the index of level of oil not to damage the sensor of a minimum level of the oil, connected to this bulb.

Oil replacement in petrol engines

Oil in the engine it is necessary to replace each 10 000 km of run and is not more rare than once a year.

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. To warm up the engine to normal working temperature.
2. To establish the car on a horizontal surface.
3. To unscrew a stopper (V) plum of the oil, placed in the oil pallet.
4. To wait, while oil will not pour out in the substituted capacity (will not cease to drip) and to screw up a drain stopper.
5. To fill in new oil to the sign "max" on the index of level of oil.

Prevention

In case of car use in the conditions of a strong dust content of air, frequent starts of the cold engine, driving on short distances, frequent driving with the trailer, etc. it is necessary to reduce time between replacements of oil and the oil filter.


Replacement of the oil filter in petrol engines

During each replacement of oil it is necessary to change the oil filter also.

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. To unscrew the oil filter.
2. To oil a sealant of the new filter.
3. To screw up a hand the new oil filter. After contact of a sealant of the filter with a condensed surface follows довинтить the filter case on 3/4 turns.
4. After filling in the engine of new oil to level of "max" it is necessary to start the engine and to check tightness of connection of the filter.

Control bulb of pressure of oil

The control bulb of pressure of the oil, located on an instrument guard, lights up after inclusion of ignition and should go out after engine start.

Switching off of a bulb means that pressure of oil in system of greasing of the engine within norm.

If after engine start the control bulb does not die away or will light up in engine operating time, it is necessary to switch off immediately the engine as further work threatens with its serious damage.

It is necessary to check oil level in the oil pallet. If level normal, it is necessary to check functioning of system of greasing of the engine.


Prevention

It is impossible to continue movement with faulty system of greasing about which the burning control bulb of pressure of oil signals.


Check of level of oil in diesel engines

Oil level in the engine is recommended to check at least, once a week.

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. To establish the car on a horizontal surface and to wait at least, some minutes after engine switching off while oil will not flow down in the oil pallet.
2. To take and wipe the index of level of oil (1), to insert it up to the end, once again to take and read oil level (2 – the oil filter, 3 – a maslozalivny mouth).
3. Level of oil should be between the signs "MIN" and "MAX" on the index (1). The difference between minimum and maximum levels makes 2 dm3.
4. In case of need it is necessary to fill amount of oil (engine oil of the same classes of quality and viscosity).

Oil replacement in diesel engines

Oil in the engine it is necessary to replace each 7 500 km of run, but is not more rare than once in half a year.

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. To warm up the engine to normal working temperature.
2. To establish the car on a horizontal surface.
3. To unscrew a stopper the oil plum, placed in the oil pallet (it is specified by an arrow) and to wait, while oil will not merge in the substituted capacity and will not cease to drip. To screw up a drain stopper.
4. To fill in new oil of demanded quality to the sign "MAX" on the index of level of oil.

Prevention

In case of car use in adverse conditions (frequent starts of the cold engine, driving on short distances, frequent driving with the trailer, a strong dust content of air, etc.) it is necessary a thicket to make oil replacement (and the oil filter).


Replacement of the oil filter in diesel engines

During each replacement of oil it is necessary to change the oil filter also.

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. To unscrew the oil filter (2).
2. To oil a sealant of the new filter.
3. To screw up the new oil filter. After contact of a sealant of the filter with a sealing surface follows довинтить the filter case on 3/4 turns.
4. After filling in the engine of new oil it is necessary to start the engine and to check tightness of connection of the filter.