Ford Sierra

1982-1993 of release

Repair and car operation



Ford Siyerra
+ 1.2. Car identification
+ 2. Maintenance
+ 3. General data
+ 4. Engines
+ 5. Coupling
+ 6. Transmissions
+ 7. Driveshaft and back bridge
+ 8. Steering
+ 9. Suspension brackets
+ 10. Brake system
+ 11. Body
+ 12. Electric equipment


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1.1. Introduction

GENERAL INFORMATION

Ford Sierra of the first generation (Sierra '83) with a body of a berlin of the version L, and also GL

Ford Sierra '83 with a body of Kombi


Ford Sierra '83 berlins of the Ghia version

Ford Sierra cars were made from June, 1982 to February, 1993 and had two updatings. Ford Sierra cars of the first generation (designated Sierra '83) were made till December, 1986, and Ford Sierra cars of the second generation (Sierra '87) since January, 1987.

Ford Sierra cars '83 which replaced Taunus, modern bodies with very good aerodynamic parameters (had factor of aerodynamic resistance = 0,34), highly appreciated by users, both versions a limousine, and Kombi. In Sierra cars '83 possibility of use of several different petrol engines, as made earlier, however modernized and specially adapted for the new car, and absolutely new design is provided. Petrol 4th cylinder engines of Sierra cars '83 (ONS engines) had a cam-shaft in a head of the block of cylinders and were delivered in the following versions: 1,3 dm3 (1,3 NANOSECONDS in capacity of 44 kW), 1,6 dm3 (1,6 NANOSECONDS in capacity of 55 kW) in two versions (economic with the electronic built-in system of ignition and normal), and also 2,0 dm3 (2,0 NANOSECONDS in capacity of 77 kW). Besides, in petrol models V-shaped six-cylinder engines were alternatively offered:
2,0 dm3 in capacity of 66 kW (by special orders), 2,3 dm3 in capacity of 66 kW, and also 2,8 dm3 in capacity of 84 kW (intended only for the XR4 model).

Ford Sierra cars '83 Diesel were equipped with the diesel engine of the Peugeot firm which has been specially adapted for the Ford Sierra car (YTT type). This engine with working volume of 2304 cm3 develops capacity of 49 kW (67 h.p.) at 4200 rpm.

Since February, 1985 in bodies of all diesel versions the Ghia version air inlet is established.

In January, 1987 release of the second generation of Sierra cars '87 in which body the set of changes directed on appearance improvement is entered is begun, and also there was a new version of a body a three-volume four-door Sedan which supplements the former offer of diesel versions covering five-door of a berlin and Kombi. Ford Sierra cars '87 still (till September, 1989) were equipped with the engine 2,3 Diesel (YTR type). Only since August, 1988 in some countries started to offer, at first it is alternative, the engine 1,8 Turbo Diesel (RFA or RFB type) which since October, 1989 remained the only thing for all diesel versions of Ford Sierra cars till the end of their release.

In Ford Sierra cars '83 various transmissions (mechanical four - and five-step or automatic Fords-Bordeaux), a drive on the back wheels, an independent forward suspension bracket and back semi-independent, and also the back bridge, with the main transfer together with differential were established.

Three versions of furnish and car equipment (were originally offered L, by GL, and also Ghia). The Ghia version had the best equipment, differed also an exterior (lack of the cross-section sheets complicating supply of air in a motor compartment, and also double forward headlights).